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Freeze-dried Food and Sustainability: How to Make a Change

Discover how freeze-dried food can help reduce waste and learn about the best eco-friendly packaging options. Read our comprehensive guide to making a sustainable change.


As we continue to face environmental challenges, many of us are looking for ways to reduce our carbon footprint and contribute to a more sustainable future. One way we can make a change is by choosing freeze-dried food and eco-friendly packaging options. In this article, we will explore the benefits of freeze-dried food, the environmental impact of traditional food preservation methods, and the best ways to reduce waste in our daily lives.

Freeze-dried Food and Sustainability: How to Make a Change

Benefits of Freeze-dried Food

Freeze-dried food is a popular choice for outdoor enthusiasts, but it also offers significant benefits in terms of sustainability. Unlike traditional food preservation methods, freeze-drying removes water from the food, making it lighter and more compact. This means that less fuel is needed to transport and store freeze-dried food, reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Another benefit of freeze-drying food is that it can significantly reduce food waste. According to the United Nations, one-third of all food produced in the world is lost or wasted every year. Freeze-drying helps to extend the shelf life of food, which means that it is less likely to go bad before it can be consumed. This is especially important for fresh produce, which can spoil quickly if not consumed or preserved properly.

Freeze-drying is also an eco-friendly way to preserve food, as it does not require any chemical preservatives. Additionally, because freeze-dried food is lightweight and compact, it takes up less space during storage and transportation. This means that less fuel is needed to transport freeze-dried food, resulting in a lower carbon footprint compared to other food preservation methods. With freeze-dried food, you can enjoy the benefits of fresh food without the environmental impact.

Environmental Impact of Traditional Food Preservation Methods

Traditional food preservation methods such as canning, drying, and freezing have a significant impact on the environment. Canning, for example, requires large amounts of energy to heat and sterilize the food, while freezing requires constant refrigeration. Both methods use a lot of energy and contribute to greenhouse gas emissions.

Drying, on the other hand, can be more energy-efficient, but it often requires high temperatures that can destroy nutrients in the food. Additionally, traditional food preservation methods often require preservatives to keep the food fresh, which can be harmful to our health and the environment. By choosing freeze-dried food, we can reduce our impact on the environment and our health.

How Freeze-dried Food Help with Sustainable Change

Food waste is a major global problem that contributes to climate change, environmental degradation and social injustice. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), about one-third of all food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted every year. This amounts to about 1.3 billion tonnes of food, worth around $940 billion.

One of the ways to reduce food waste and its negative impacts is to use freeze-drying technology. Freeze-drying is a process that removes water from food by freezing it and then applying a vacuum to sublimate the ice crystals. This preserves the food’s nutritional value, flavor, texture and shelf life, while reducing its weight and volume.

Freeze-dried food can help us save food that would otherwise go to waste, such as fruits and vegetables that are nearing their expiration date, or surplus crops that cannot be sold or consumed. Freeze-drying can also help us store food for longer periods of time, without the need for refrigeration or preservatives. This can be useful for emergency situations, such as natural disasters or pandemics, or for remote areas where access to fresh food is limited.

Freeze-drying can also help us reduce our environmental footprint by lowering our energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. According to a study by the University of Otago in New Zealand, freeze-drying can reduce the energy use and carbon footprint of food by up to 90% compared to conventional methods of preservation, such as canning or freezing. Freeze-drying can also reduce the water use and land use of food production, as well as the amount of packaging and transportation required.

However, freeze-drying is not a perfect solution. It requires a lot of energy to freeze and vacuum the food, which may offset some of the environmental gains. It also alters the texture and appearance of some foods, which may affect consumer acceptance and preference. Moreover, freeze-drying does not address the root causes of food waste, such as overproduction, overconsumption, poor distribution and lack of awareness.

Therefore, we need to combine freeze-drying with other strategies to achieve a more sustainable food system. Some of these strategies include:

  • Reducing our food waste at home and in businesses by planning our meals, buying only what we need, storing food properly, donating excess food to charities or composting it.
  • Reducing food loss and waste at all stages of the food supply chain, from production to consumption. This can be done by improving infrastructure, logistics, education and awareness, as well as adopting best practices such as proper storage, handling and labeling of food.
  • Supporting local and organic farmers who produce high-quality food with minimal environmental impact. This can be done by buying directly from them or through farmers’ markets, cooperatives or community-supported agriculture schemes.
  • Choosing plant-based foods over animal-based foods, as they have lower environmental impacts and health benefits.
  • Educating ourselves and others about the value of food and the consequences of wasting it.
  • Advocating for policies and regulations that promote food security, food safety and food justice.
  • Promoting a circular economy that minimizes waste and maximizes resource efficiency. This can be done by reusing, recycling and composting food waste, as well as using renewable energy sources for freeze-drying and other processes.
  • Choosing eco-friendly packaging options for freeze-dried food that are biodegradable, recyclable or reusable. This can be done by using materials such as paper, cardboard, glass or metal instead of plastic or polystyrene.
  • Eating a balanced and healthy diet that meets our nutritional needs without exceeding our ecological limits. This can be done by following dietary guidelines such as the EAT-Lancet Commission’s planetary health diet, which recommends a high intake of plant-based foods and a low intake of animal-based foods.

Another important aspect of sustainability is the packaging of freeze-dried food. While freeze-drying reduces the need for packaging materials, it still requires some form of protection from moisture, oxygen and light. Some of the common packaging options for freeze-dried food are:

  • Plastic bags or pouches: These are lightweight, flexible and durable, but they are also non-biodegradable and may contain harmful chemicals that leach into the food or the environment.
  • Glass jars or bottles: These are reusable, recyclable and inert, but they are also heavy, fragile and expensive.
  • Metal cans or tins: These are sturdy, recyclable and resistant to heat and light, but they are also prone to corrosion and denting.
  • Paper or cardboard boxes: These are biodegradable, compostable and renewable, but they are also weak, flimsy and susceptible to moisture and pests.

The best packaging option for freeze-dried food depends on several factors, such as the type of food, the intended use, the storage conditions and the personal preference. However, some general guidelines to follow are:

  • Choose packaging materials that are eco-friendly, such as recycled, recyclable or biodegradable ones.
  • Choose packaging materials that are safe for human health and do not contain toxic substances or allergens.
  • Choose packaging materials that are appropriate for the size, shape and weight of the food.
  • Choose packaging materials that are easy to open, close and seal.
  • Choose packaging materials that are attractive, informative and appealing to consumers.

Best Eco-Friendly Packaging Options

When it comes to packaging, eco-friendly options are becoming increasingly important. Plastic packaging, in particular, is a major contributor to environmental pollution, and finding alternatives is crucial. One option is to choose paper or cardboard packaging, which can be recycled or composted.

Another option is to choose packaging made from biodegradable materials such as plant-based plastics or corn starch. These materials break down naturally, reducing the impact on the environment. Finally, reusable packaging options such as glass jars or stainless-steel containers are also a sustainable choice.

While freeze-drying is an eco-friendly way to preserve food, it is important to consider the packaging that the food comes in as well. Here are some of the best eco-friendly packaging options for freeze-dried food:

Recyclable Paper or Cardboard Packaging

Look for freeze-dried food that comes in packaging that is 100% recyclable. This means that the packaging can be recycled and turned into new products once it has been used. Recyclable paper or cardboard packaging is a great option for those looking to reduce their impact on the environment. These materials can be recycled or composted, reducing waste and greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, paper and cardboard packaging are often more affordable than plastic alternatives.

Recyclable Plastic Packaging

Another sustainable option is using recyclable plastic packaging made from materials such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE). These materials can be recycled and reused multiple times, reducing the amount of waste generated from packaging.

Biodegradable or Compostable Packaging

Biodegradable or compostable packaging is made from materials that break down naturally, reducing the impact on the environment. Plant-based plastics, for example, are made from renewable resources and can be composted. Corn starch is another biodegradable material that can be used to make packaging.

Reusable Packaging

Reusable packaging options such as glass jars or stainless-steel containers are a sustainable choice. They can be used over and over again, reducing waste and greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, these materials are often more durable than plastic, meaning they can last for many years. This is a great way to reduce waste and save money in the long run.

Minimalist Packaging

Finally, look for freeze-dried food that comes in minimalist packaging. Minimalist packaging uses the least amount of material possible to package the product. This not only reduces waste, but it also makes the product lighter and easier to transport.

Edible Packaging

Some companies are also exploring innovative packaging solutions such as edible packaging made from seaweed, potato starch, or cornstarch. While these options are still in the early stages of development, they have the potential to significantly reduce packaging waste and promote a more sustainable food industry.


Question: Is freeze-dried food healthy?
Answer: Yes, freeze-dried food is a healthy option as it is free from preservatives and retains its nutrients.

Question: Is freeze-dried food more expensive than fresh food?
Answer: Freeze-dried food is often more expensive than fresh food due to the processing and packaging required to create it. However, it can be more cost-effective in the long run as it has a longer shelf life and reduces food waste.


In conclusion, freeze-dried food can be a valuable tool for sustainability if used wisely and responsibly. It can help us reduce food waste, conserve resources and prepare for emergencies. However, it should not be seen as a substitute for fresh food or a solution for all our food problems. We should also consider other aspects of sustainability such as production methods, consumption patterns, education, policy, and packaging. By doing so, we can make a positive change for ourselves, our society, and our planet.

Freeze-dried food is a sustainable and eco-friendly way to preserve food. It can help to reduce food waste, lower the carbon footprint of food transportation, and extend the shelf life of fresh produce. When choosing freeze-dried food, it is important to consider the packaging that the food comes in as well. Look for packaging that is recyclable, compostable, reusable, or minimalist to further reduce your environmental impact. By choosing freeze-dried food and eco-friendly packaging options, we can all make a positive impact on the planet.

Jane Smith is a renowned product reviewer and influencer, has earned widespread acclaim for her discerning and thorough evaluations of a diverse range of consumer goods. Her captivating reviews span technology, beauty, and home products, providing invaluable guidance to millions of discerning shoppers worldwide. Samantha's dedication to transparency and her knack for simplifying complex product features have cemented her reputation as a go-to authority in the world of product reviews. She is also a regular contributor to several online and print magazines, such as Cosmopolitan, Elle, and Glamour. Jessica is passionate about discovering and recommending the best products for her audience, as well as supporting ethical and sustainable practices in the beauty industry. She is based in Los Angeles, California, where she lives with her husband and two dogs. You can follow her at [email protected]